WHAT IS SINUSITIS?
Sinuses are spaces in the bones of your cheeks, your forehead and your nose.
They are filled with air and have a lining (almost like a tight blanket) with little hairs that keep your nose clean.10
When this lining becomes swollen, it feels like your nose is blocked. You will feel pressure and pain in your sinuses. There is liquid that pools in the spaces and germs can grow in this liquid, infecting your body and making you sick.1
CAUSES OF SINUSITIS
You can get sinusitis from germs, like bacteria or viruses, that can cause an infection.
You can also get it from something that you may be allergic to.1
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF SINUSITIS
- Pain and pressure in your face. It is sore when you touch your face
- Yellow or greenish fluid that runs from your nose. Your nose is stuffy and feels blocked. You loose your sense of smell
- Bad smelling breath
- An irritating cough, often at night
- You may feel tired or irritated. You may have a fever or chills (feel very hot or very cold)
TREATMENT OF SINUSITIS
To treat sinusitis, you could get some medicine from the pharmacy called decongestants.
They can be either tablets that you drink, or a nasal spray that you spray into your nose.
You should see your doctor or go to the clinic if you have a fever for longer than 3 days and have a lot of pain
- A decongestant reduces the swelling in the passages of your nose and allows you to breath more easily5. Decongestants are often available in spray form7
- Benefits of a decongestant Spray
- Reduces swelling of nasal membranes and airway resistance
- Improves drainage of the nasal cavities
- Improves sinus ventilation and nasal flow 3, 6
- Improves ventilation to the middle ear
- Mouth-breathing leading to a dry and irritated throat are prevented by nasal decongestion 3
- Using a Saline Nasal Spray Solution is the 1st line option for use in acute and chronic sinusitis, and an effective adjuvant in allergic rhinitis, URTIs and rhinitis in pregnancy9
- Benefits of a Saline Nasal Spray:
- Saline softens and dislodges thick nasal mucus lining
- Facilitates the mechanical removal of irritants and allergens responsible for the common cold, flu and allergies, as well as inflammatory mediators
- Effective as an adjuvant, reducing nasal discomfort by countering the drying effect of allergy or sinusitis treatments10
For full prescribing information, please refer to the Professional Information approved by the medicines regulatory authority.
Please note: this is an education information leaflet only and should not be used for diagnosis. For more information on Sinusitis, consult your healthcare professional.
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May 2014). Accessed on 16 November 2019. Available at www.nicd.ac.za/assets/files/Healthcare%20Workers%20Handbook%20on%20Influenza%20in%20SA%20_12%20May%202014(1).pdf.
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Accessed 11 April 2020.
21. GBD 2016 Diarrhoeal Disease Collaborators. Estimates of the global, regional, and national morbidity, mortality, and aetiologies of diarrhoea in 195 countries: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study
2016. Lancet Infect Dis 2018; 18: 1211–28.
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28. Kwitshana ZL, Tsoka JM, Mabaso MLH. Intestinal parasitic infections in adult patients in KwaZulu-Natal. SAMJ Sept 2008(98)9:709-711
29. Vermox HCP Claims Study. Study completed for Johnson & Johnson (PTY) LTD. Prepared by Kantar South Africa (PTY) LTD. Accessed May 2017.Global Strategic Insights & Analytics, December 2019.
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